TotalEnergies SE is teaming up with Belgian start-up Tree Vitality Options (TES) to construct an artificial pure fuel plant that tentatively could possibly be sited in Texas.
Fueled by carbon dioxide (CO2) and renewable hydrogen, the undertaking as envisioned would produce 100,000-200,000 metric tons/yr of electrical pure fuel, aka e-NG.
“This artificial gas will contribute to the vitality transition by serving to our clients to decarbonize their actions, notably those which can be tough to affect,” stated TotalEnergies’ Stéphane Michel, president of Fuel, Renewables & Energy.
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“This product presents two important benefits. First, it doesn’t require new logistical infrastructure, since e-NG and pure fuel have the identical properties and might subsequently be combined in current infrastructures. Second, our clients is not going to have to alter their present industrial processes.”
TES works with firms on e-NG initiatives utilizing current world vitality infrastructure with recycled CO2 used because the transport medium. The CO2 is captured on the supply and transported to places the place it could be saved or mixed with renewable (inexperienced) hydrogen to create artificial pure fuel.
In accordance with TotalEnergies, the produced e-NG could be manufactured utilizing a 1 GW electrolyzer powered by 2 GW of photo voltaic and wind. Provide could be secured by way of long-term energy buy agreements.
Wanting For Gulf Coast CCS?
The CO2 for use could be biogenic, or manufactured from natural materials, in response to TES. How the CO2 could be sourced or captured was not detailed. Nevertheless, there are dozens of direct air seize, in addition to carbon seize and storage (CCS) initiatives on the drafting board that will be sited alongside the Gulf Coast.
“The USA has many benefits for the event of our first e-NG undertaking, together with effectively developed fuel infrastructure, rising renewable energy technology capability and important public subsidies,” Michel stated.
The choice by TotalEnergies to collaborate on the U.S. undertaking is “an essential milestone towards large-scale e-NG manufacturing,” TES CEO Marco Alverà stated. “The modern enterprise mannequin developed by TES will assist to diversify the European and Asian vitality combine, making reasonably priced renewable vitality accessible.”
The “groundbreaking undertaking,” he stated, “testifies to the effectiveness of the Inflation Discount Act (IRA) in the USA,” which President Biden signed final yr. The IRA supplies tax incentives and grants for low-carbon U.S.-based initiatives, together with for carbon seize storage and utilization initiatives.
TotalEnergies would function the plant, half-owned by TES. Monetary particulars weren’t disclosed, with a closing funding determination set for 2024.
TotalEnergies is engaged on many low-carbon initiatives world wide enroute towards a purpose to achieve net-zero carbon by 2050. TES additionally has different initiatives within the works, each for e-NG and to advance world hydrogen hubs.
Earlier this yr, TES additionally signed a letter of intent with Zurich-based vitality supplier Energie 360° to produce clients with solely renewable vitality by 2040. TES might provide round 1 TWh/yr of artificial fuel starting in 2027, with Energie 360° offering the renewable CO2.
Utilizing U.S. LNG
One other undertaking is underneath overview by Japan’s prime pure fuel utilities, which might depend on U.S. LNG.
Final November, Japan’s Tokyo Fuel Co. Ltd., Osaka Fuel Co. Ltd. and Toho Fuel Co. Ltd. joined Mitsubishi Corp. to start a joint feasibility research to provide artificial methane (e-methane) in Texas or Louisiana. The artificial fuel could possibly be liquefied on the current Cameron liquefied pure fuel export facility in Louisiana, during which Mitsubishi owns a stake.
In one other undertaking, Tokyo Fuel and Osaka Fuel have a tentative settlement with Shell plc’s Singapore-based subsidiary for a possible CCS undertaking. If it had been to maneuver ahead, the utilities might exchange 1% of their distributed fuel with artificial gas by 2030.
In the meantime, French utility Engie SA final yr efficiently piloted injecting artificial methane into its fuel distribution community. The pilot produces artificial methane with CO2 straight captured on the manufacturing website, with hydrogen produced by way of electrolysis. The profitable experiment “confirmed the feasibility of injecting artificial methane” into the GRDF fuel distribution community, Engie famous. GRDF, the nation’s most important pure fuel distribution system, serves greater than 11 million clients.
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